Colorado Plant Database

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ALPINE WALLFLOWER - Erysimum capitatum

IMAGE
Copyright:Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers, www.swcoloradowildflowers.com

IDENTIFICATION
Common Name: ALPINE WALLFLOWER
Other Common Names: little wallflower
Scientific Name: Erysimum capitatum
Derivation: capitatum - headed.
Family: Mustard - Brassicaceae
Species Characteristics: siliques (fruits) almost glabrous (hairless) and ascending, nearly parallel to the stem although pedicels (stalks) may spread widely.
Mature Height: to 20 inches.
Flower Color: yellow, orange or maroon.
Flower Shape: cruciform (cross-shaped).
Flower Symmetry: radial
Flower Structure: flowers bisexual (male and female parts in same flower).
Fruit Color: green
Fruit Type: silique (mustard fruit derived from two-carpellate - two female organs - in which the two halves split from a persistent partition where the seeds are attached).
Leaf Type: simple (not divided into similar parts).
ECOLOGY
Origin: native
Frequency: common
Growth Form: herbaceous
Life Cycle: perennial
Class: angiosperm (plant with covered seed).
SubClass: dicot (plants with two seed leaves and netted leaf veins).
Season of Bloom: spring to summer (Mar. - Aug.).
Life Zone: plains to alpine.
Habitat: gravelly slopes and hillsides and forest openings.
Eco. Relationships: adapted to pollination by longer-tongued insects such as bees due to the tube formed by the separate petals.

WEED MANAGEMENT
Origin: native

LANDSCAPING
Landscaping Use: wildflower garden.
Moisture Requirement: moderate
Light Requirement: full sun.
Soil Requirement: dry well-drained, can grow in nutritionally poor soil.

HUMAN CONNECTIONS
Other Uses: a poultice of the whole pounded plant has been applied to open fresh wounds and rheumatic joints; an infusion of the whole plant has been used as a wash on aching muscles; the crushed leaves have been sniffed as a treatment for headaches; a poultice of the warmed root has been applied to treat the pain of toothache; an infusion of the crushed seed has been drunk and used externally in the treatment of stomach or bowel cramps.

Version: 3.0.0      Release Date: August 2015       ©2015 Jefferson County ITS

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