Colorado Plant Database


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Botanical Terminology LLC
Bailey, L.H.   How Plants Get Their Names.   New York: Dover Pub. Inc., 1963.
Borror, Donald J.   Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms.   Mayfield Publishing Company, 1988.
Harrington, H. D. and L. W. Durrell.   How to Identify Plants.   Chicago, IL: Swallow Press Inc., 1957.
Harris, J. G. and M. Woolf Harris   Plant Identification Terminology: An Illustrated Glossary.   Spring Lake Publishing, 1994.
Ewan, Joseph and Nesta Dunn Ewan.   Biographical Dictionary of Rocky Mountain Naturalists, 1682 - 1932.   Utrecht, Netherlands: Bohn, Scheltema, and Holkema, 1981.
Ewan, Joseph, ed.   A Short History of Botany in the United States.   New York: Hafner Pub. Co., 1969.
Ethnobotany/Plant Uses
Bliss, Anne.   Rocky Mountain Dye Plants.   Boulder, CO: Bliss, 1976.
Densmore, Frances.   How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine, and Crafts.   New York: Dover Pub. Inc., 1974.
Duke, James A.   Handbook of Edible Weeds.   Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1992.
Dunmire, William W. and Gail D. Tierney.   Wild Plants of the Pueblo Province.   Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995.
Dunmire, William W. and Gail D. Tierney.   Wild Plants and Native Peoples of the Four Corners.   Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1997.
Gilmore, Melvin R.   Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region.   Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1977.
Harrington, H.D.   Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains.   University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 1967.
Hart, Jeff.   Montana Native Plants and Early Peoples.   Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society Press, 1992.
Kindscher, Kelly.   Edible Wild Plants of the Prairie; an Ethnobotanical Guide.   Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1987.
Kindscher, Kelly.   Medicinal Wild Plants of the Prairie; an Ethnobotanical Guide.   Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas Press, 1992.
Kirk, Donald R.   Wild Edible Plants of the United States.   Healdsburg, CA: Naturegraph Pub., 1975.
Knight, A. P. and R. G. Walter   A Guide to Plant Poisoning.   Jackson, WY: Teton NewMedia, 2001.
Lewis, Walter and Memory Elvin-Lewis.   Medical Botany.   New York: Wiley, 1977.
Moerman, Daniel E.   Native American Ethnobotany.   St. Louis, MO: Timber Press, 1998.
Tyler, Varro E.   Herbs of Choice; the Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals.   New York: Pharmaceutical Products Press, 1994.
Guides, Manuals, Floras
Brockman, C. Frank.   Trees of North America; a Field Guide to the Major Native and Introduced Species North of Mexico.   New York: Golden Press, 1986.
Carter, Jack L.   Trees and Shrubs of Colorado.   Boulder, CO: Johnson Books, 1995.
CO Weed Management Assoc., CO Dept. of Agriculture, CSU Coop. Extension.   Troublesome Weeds of the Rocky Mountain West, 5th ed.   CO Weed Management Association, 1999.
Craighead, John J., Craighead, Frank C., Jr., and Ray J. Davis.   A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers.   Peterson Field Guide Series. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1963.
Cronquist, Arthur, et al.   Intermountain Flora; Vascular Plants of the Intermountain West, USA. Projected 6 v. set.   Bronx, NY: New York Botanical Garden, 1972-.
DiTomaso, Joseph M., Healy, Evelyn A.   Aquatic and Riparian Weeds of the West.   University of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, 2003
Dorn, R. D. and J. L. Dorn   Growing Native Plants of the Rocky Mountain Area., 2007.
Ells, James   Rocky Mountain Flora   Colorado Mountain Club Press
Elmore, Francis H.   Shrubs and Trees of the Southwest Uplands.   Tucson, AZ: Southwest Parks and Monuments Assoc., 1976.
FNA Editorial Committee.   Flora of North America.   1993. available at
Global Plants Initiative   Global Plants
Guennel, G. K.   Guide to Colorado Wildflowers: Mountains, Vol. 2.   Englewood, CO: Westcliffe Pub., 1995.
Guennel, G. K.   Guide to Colorado Wildflowers: Plains & Foothills, Vol. 1.   Westcliffe Publishers, Inc., Englewood, Colorado 1995.
Harrington, H. D.   Manual of the Plants of Colorado.   Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1996.
Harrington, H. D.   Manual of the Plants of Colorado.   Chicago, IL: Swallow Press, 1977.
Harrington, H. D.   Manual of the Plants of Colorado.   Denver, CO: Sage Books, 1954.
Harrington, H.D.   How to Identify Grasses & Grasslike Plants.   Swallow Press/Ohio University Press, Athens, Ohio 1977
Kershaw, Linda, Andy MacKinnon, and Jim Pojar.   Plants of the Rocky Mountains.   Edmonton, AB, Canada: Lone Pine Pub., 1998.
McKean, William T., ed.   Winter Guide to Central Rocky Mountain Shrubs, 2nd ed.   Denver: State of Colorado Department of Natural Resources Division of Wildlife, 1976.
National Plant Data Center.   USDA, NRCS 1999 The Plants Database.   Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. 8 Feb. 2000 (
Nelson, Ruth Ashton.   Handbook of Rocky Mountain Plants, 4th ed.   Niwot, CO: Roberts Rienhart Publishers, 1992.
Nicholson PH.D, Robert A.   Pasture & Range Plants, 2nd ed.   Hays, KS : Fort Hays State University, 2006.
Sheley, Roger L. & Petroff, Janet K.   Biology & Management of Noxious Rangeland Weeds.   Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press, 1999.
Spackman, S., et. al.   Colorado Rare Plant Field Guide.   Fort Collins, CO: Colorado Natural Heritage Program, 1997.
Stubbendieck, J., Stephan Hatch, and Charles H. Butterfield.   North American Range Plants, 5th ed.   Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.
Weber, William A. and Wittmann, Ronald C.   Colorado Flora; Eastern Slope.   Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado, 2012
Weber, William A. and Wittmann, Ronald C.   Colorado Flora; Western Slope.   Niwot, CO: University Press of Colorado, 2012.
Whitson, Tom D., et. al.   Weeds of the West, 5th ed.   Newark, CA: The Western Society of Weed Science, 1996.
Wingate, Janet L.   A Guide to the Common Wildflower Families of Colorado.   Privately published.
Wingate, Janet L.   Illustrated Keys to the Grasses of Colorado.   Denver, CO: Wingate Consulting, 1994.
Zimdahl, Robert.   Weeds of Colorado, Bulletin 521 A, Rev. ed.   Fort Collins, CO: CSU Extension, 1998.
Busco, Janice and Morin, Nancy R.   Native Plants for High-Elevation Western Gardens.   Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, Colorado, 2003.
Colorado Weed Management Association and Colorado Big Country Resource, Conservation and Development, Inc.   Garden Smart Colorado, A Guide to Non-invasive Plants for Your Garden.   2007
Denver Botanic Gardens.   High Altitude Gardener
Denver Water.   Xeriscape Plant Guide.   Golden, CO: Fulcrum Pub., 1996.
Ellefson, Connie L., Thomas L. Stephens, and Doug Welsh.   Xeriscape Gardening; Water Conservation for the American Landscape.   New York: Macmillan, 1992.
Huddleston, Sam and Hussey, M.   Grow Native: Landscaping with Native and Apt Plants of the Rocky Mountains.   Fulcrum Publishing, Golden, Colorado 1998.
Hyde, Barbara   Gardening in the Mountain West.   Barbara J. Hyde, Inc., Littleton, Colorado, 1999.
Hyde, Barbara   Gardening in the Mountain West: the Progress of a Gardner, Vol. 2.   Barbara J. Hyde, Inc., Littleton, Colorado, 1995.
Klett, J., B. Fahey, and R. Cox   Native Shrubs for Colorado Landscapes Fact Sheet no. 7.422.   Colorado State University Extension
Klett, J., B. Fahey, and R. Cox   Native Trees for Colorado Landscapes Fact Sheet no. 7.421.   Colorado State University Extension
Knopf, Jim   The Xeriscape Flower Gardener: A Waterwise Guide for the Rocky Mountain Region.   Johnson Publishing Company, Boulder, Colorado, 1991.
Knopf, Jim   Waterwise Landscaping with Trees, Shrubs & Vines: A Xeriscape Guide for the Rocky Mtn. Region, CA, & the Desert SW.   Chamisa Books, Boulder, Colorado, 1999.
Mee, Wendy; Barnes, Jared; Kjelgren, Roger; Sutton, Richard; Cerny, Teresa; Johnson, Craig   Water Wise: Native Plants for Intermountain Landscapes.   Utah State University Press, Logan, Utah.
Missouri Botanical Garden   Kemper Center Plant Finder
Shonle, I., L. G. Vickerman, and J. E. Klett   Native Herbaceous Perennials for Colorado Landscapes Fact Sheet no. 7.242.   Colorado State University Extension
Slab?, P.   Rock Garden Plant Database
Tannehill, C. and J. E. Klett.   Best Perennials for the Rocky Mountains and High Plains.   Department of Horticulture and Landscape Arcitecture, Colorado State University, 2002.
The Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center, University of Texas at Austin.   Native Plant Database
Natural History/Ecology
Beck, K. G.   Russian Knapweed Fact Sheet no. 3.111   Colorado State University Extension
Block, D. N.   Purshia tridentata
California Department of Food and Agriculture   CDFA's Noxious Weeds
Dennis, F. C.   Firewise Plant Materials Fact Sheet. No. 6.305.   Colorado State University Extension in cooperation with the Wildfire Hazard Mitigation Coordinator, Colorado State Forest Service. October 1999.
Mutel, Cornelia Fleischer and John C. Emerick.   From Grassland to Glacier; the Natural History of Colorado and the Surrounding Region, 2nd ed.   Boulder, CO: Johnson Books, 1992.
National Park Service   Arches National Park
The University of Georgia   Invasive and Exotic Species
Pollination/Insects and Flowers
Barth, Friederich G.   Insects and Flowers; the Biology of a Partnership.   Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Brackenbury, John.   Insects and Flowers; a Biological Partnership.   London: Blandford, 1995.
Buchmann, S. L and G. Paul Nabhan   The Forgotten Pollinators.   Island Press, 1996.
Buchmann, Stephen L. and Nabhan, Gary Paul   The Forgotten Pollinators   Island Press, Shearwater Books, Washington, D.C.
Headstrom, Richard.   Nature Discoveries with a Hand Lens.   New York: Dover Pub., 1981.
Proctor, Michael, Peter Yeo, and Andrew Lack.   The Natural History of Pollination.   Portland, OR: Timber Press, 1996.
Rahn, Joan Elma.   How Plants are Pollinated.   New York: Atheneum, 1975.
Arizona State University   SEINet
Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J.   Principles of interactive keys., (2000 onwards).
Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J.   User?s Guide to Intkey: a Program for Interactive Identification and Information Retrieval, 1st ed., (1995 onwards).
Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A., and Zurcher, E.J.   User's Guide to the DELTA System: a General System for Processing Taxonomic Descriptions. 4th ed., (1993 onwards).
Gledhill, D.   The Names of Plants, 2nd ed.   Cambridge University Press, 1996.
Porter, C.L.   Taxonomy of Flowering Plants, 2nd ed.   San Francisco, CA: W.H. Freeman and Co., 1967.
Schneider, A.   Southwest Colorado Wildflowers, Ferns, and Trees - images
Smith, James Payne, Jr.   Vascular Plant Families.   Eureka, CA: Mad River Press, Inc., 1977.
United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service   PLANTS Database
USDA Forest Service   USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System
Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J.   The families of angiosperms: automated descriptions, with interactive identification and information retrieval.   Aust. Syst. Bot. 4, 681?95, 1991.
Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz   The Families of Flowering Plants: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identificaion, and Information Retrieval. Verson: 14th December 2000., (1992 onwards).
Fitzgerald, James P., Carron A. Meaney, and David M. Armstrong.   Mammals of Colorado.   Denver, CO: Denver Museum of Natural History, 1994.
Martin, Alexander C., Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson.   American Wildlife and Plants; A Guide To Wildlife Food Habits.   New York: McGraw Hill, 1951.


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