• Contact Information

    Public Health Phone answered 24/7


    Monday - Friday
    8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

    Contact Us

    645 Parfet Street
    Lakewood, CO 80215

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    Lakewood Clinic

    645 Parfet Street Lakewood, CO 80215
    Fax: 303-239-7088

    WIC (Women, Infants, & Children) in Arvada

    5150 Allison Street Arvada, CO 80002
    Fax: 303-275-7503

    WIC in Wheat Ridge

    7495 W. 29th Ave. Wheat Ridge, CO 80033
    Fax: 303-239-9592

    WIC in Lakewood - 645 Parfet Street, 80215

    email: kharris@jeffco.us
    Fax: 303-239-7023

  • Rat Control


    Rats have followed man to almost all inhabited parts of the world. Man's indifference and carelessness have fostered populations of rats and mice in such close proximity to his home and work that they are called domestic rodents.

    Rats can spread disease and interfere with man's economic and physical well-being. Rats are predominately burrowing rodents. They are most active at night and are seldom seen during the day except when there is a large population. Rats will eat most anything that man eats and often feed on pet and livestock food.

    Signs of Rat Activity

    • Droppings - shiny and dark colored when fresh
    • Runways - rats use the same trails from burrow to food, water and harborage. These pathways appear to be swept clean of debris.
    • Burrows - found along ditch banks, along walls, under rubbish, wood piles and concrete slabs. Abandoned burrows will be dusty and have cobwebs in the openings.
    • Gnawing - rats must gnaw to keep their front teeth worn down.
    • Tracks - in dust and soft earth. The tail may also leave a mark.


    Measures You Can Take to Control Rats

    Each homeowner or businessman can and must control the physical environment to limit rat populations by:

    • Eliminating the rat's food
      • Use a 20- to 30-gallon garbage can with a tight-fitting lid for storing garbage and rubbish.
      • Do not leave pet or livestock food where rats can have access to it. If you feed your pets outside, be sure to remove the pet food after your pets have fed. Leaving pet food outside may attract rats into your yard.
      • Compost piles may also be a source of food for rats. If you live in an area where rats may become a problem, do not put food scraps in your compost pile, or use the pit method of composting.
      • Remember! If you eliminate a rat's food source, you eliminate the rat.
    • Eliminate the rat's harborage
      • Get rid of all rubbish, junk and unwanted building materials where rats can hide and live.
      • Store useable building materials, firewood, etc. on racks at least 18 inches above the ground.
      • Irrigation ditches and stream beds which run through neighborhoods provide undisturbed areas in which rats may live. Dumping grass clippings and tree trimmings into these areas provides additional harborage for rats.
      • Prevent rats from entering buildings by closing all access routes.
    • Good environmental sanitation is required if rats are to be controlled or eliminated from an area.
    • Rat poisons or trapping can be used as a tool to supplement good sanitation practices but should not be used as a substitute for sanitation.
    • Warfarin or similar compounds are sold by many companies and are available to the general public. Rats must feed on these materials for about one week before they are killed. These baits must be available to rats the for the entire week period. Be sure to follow all instructions on the label completely.
    • Trapping may be effective if populations are small.


    If help is needed, contact a professional pest control specialist.

    For more information, contact Jefferson County Public Health at 303-271-5700.

    Last Updated: 4-24-2013